The best Side of red brand canners hbr case solution

Canning jars are a class of utilitarian bottles that were usually produced by relatively different approaches and/or timelines when compared with most other utilitarian bottles of a specified era.  For instance, canning jars ended up Practically certainly the initial glass containers to become normally made by devices (semi-automatic) starting inside the early to mid 1890s.

  Bottle makers catalogs following the late 1890s only record hexagonal designs, should they listing any gothic layout sauces.

  Previously illustrations (ca. 1890 and right before), like most other kind bottles, had cork accepting finishes of one form or One more.  Nonetheless, from your 1890s and later, externally threaded finishes with steel screw caps grew to become raising the most typical closure/finish combination for ketchup.  Most designs also experienced some sort of molded human body and/or shoulder options like vertical entire body ribs (graphic on the left; popular on 1890s to twenties bottles) or vertical body side panels (generally 8 sides or more) as demonstrated through the bottles pictured below.  Flat panels on the body are incredibly usual of bottles from about 1910 to at the very least the mid-twentieth century (and in many cases today on glass ketchup bottles nevertheless getting used; most ketchup now is available in plastic).

The quart, utilized groove ring wax seal canning jar pictured to the correct (finish close-up beneath remaining) is embossed with SAN FRANCISCO / GLASS Performs.  This jar was also blown in the article-base mildew, is rather crude ("whittled" uneven bubbly glass), and lacks any proof of mold air venting.  This glass corporation operated less than this title from 1869 to 1876, although the jars from this mould have been also most likely developed as late as being the early 1880s by the successor to that business - the San Francisco & Pacific Glass Performs (Toulouse 1971; Creswick 1987; Hinson 1995).  1 attention-grabbing element relating to this particular quart jar would be that the mould used to make it was also useful for an previously and a later on jar - equally with various embossing, Despite the fact that this mildew wasn't suitable for an interchangeable embossing plate.  How did this take place?  A detailed inspection on the pictured jar exhibits that there is the faint impact of the arched blank filler plate covered location just over the SAN FRANCISCO embossing.  The first or primary jar made with this mould was embossed During this now covered arch with CUTTING.AND.CO with the Chopping Packing Firm (Zumwalt 1980).  This jar was absolutely blown at the Pacific Glass Performs (San Francisco, CA.) who have been in business from 1862 to 1876, rather than because of the small lived Baker & Cutting bottle manufacturing facility (also in San Francisco and precisely the same Francis Reducing since the famous packing worry and the primary glass factory within the American West) in enterprise 1858-1859 (Zumwalt 1980).

Vertically ribbed "remedy" sauce bottle (aqua bottle to far right)  - This bottle can be an early design which was used for different sauces (Zumwalt 1980) nevertheless this example nevertheless retains a fragmental label noting the contents would treat or treatment different ailments, i.e., it seems to get contained a patent medication!  The bottle overall body and shoulder is vertically ribbed by using a horizontal ring over the lessen neck, has a blowpipe pontil scar on the base, crudely applied two-section mineral sort complete, and was blown in the article-base mould which just about definitely was not air vented supplied the likely day of manufacture on the 1850s or early 1860s.

The earliest cylindrical foods jars Employed in the U. S. had been such as the two pictured to the best. The dim olive eco-friendly jar pictured for the speedy proper is really an early American (or European manufactured) generic food stuff jar that probably dates from someday in between the late 18th century from the first 3rd on the 19th century (McKearin & Wilson 1978).  (Picture courtesy of Glass Works Auctions.)  A further early - while very likely mid-nineteenth century (1840-1860) - utility or generic aqua food stuff jar is pictured to your far suitable.

The reasonably wide mouth quart+ bottle/jar observed before - and pictured to the above mentioned remaining - is labeled (no entire body embossing) as possessing been employed for "Crown Brand Queen Olives" via the S. S. Pierce Co. of Boston, MA.  This was a substantial Boston based mostly foodstuff packing company (of which there have been a lot of) that was established as being a corner supermarket in 1831 and rapidly blossomed to "Importers and Grocers" developing and importing scores of goods; they have been still in business enterprise as late as 1980 (Zumwalt 1980).  This design was termed an "English chow," "English pickle," or "chow chow" by bottle makers while was clearly employed for other foods (Illinois Glass Co. 1906; Kearns-Gorsuch Bottle Co. 1916).  This distinct jar has an applied, one-part "vast packer" (or "extensive patent") complete, was blown within a publish-bottom mould, and has single shoulder air venting marks on all sides.  Bigger bottles such as this ended up created Using these diagnostic attributes (the used finish & put up-base mold conformation) into your 1890s or perhaps early 1900s (especially When the jar was imported) which was Considerably later than other smaller, narrower bore bottles.

Tomato ketchup/catsup (both equally spellings are appropriate and utilized interchangeably listed here) was contained inside of a reasonably various array of various formed bottles, nevertheless there are a few designs which have been strongly recognized with the product or service.  Such as, the bottle to your remaining is really a typical and distinctly formed design and style employed for ketchup for an exceedingly extensive timeframe.  Generally speaking, ketchup bottles are relatively tall and slim (a typical peak of not less than three occasions the human body or base diameter) and have a reasonably slim mouth or bore for the size of the bottle.  The most typical variations (like a lot of the examples pictured listed here) also have an extended steadily tapering shoulder to neck portion that's distinctly taller than the body part beneath it.

A lesser acknowledged however substantial way of stepping into the home was that canning jars ended up also usually purchased by the food packing trade and bought to consumers with a variety of food items packed within.  Foods packers "...acknowledged the worth of supplying The buyer a re-usable dwelling canning jar along with their item" so canning jars had been also usually industrial foods containers (Caniff 1997).  Click on the subsequent one-way links to discover an illustration of a LAFAYETTE fruit jar (an example is pictured towards the significantly correct in the impression above) that was utilized by a foods packer for pickles: watch of your complete jar with embossing towards the camera; look at with the label to the reverse; watch of the bead design and style finish with no closure.

The fairly ornate, sq. pickle bottle pictured to your left was most probably produced involving 1860 and 1870.  It had been blown in a post-bottom mould (an unusual square mildew put up plate) with no proof of air venting and it has no proof of the pontil scar on The bottom.  Additionally, it has a type-usual rolled finish which was fashioned by reheating glass within the shearing or cracking-off stage and after that rolling the pliable glass out and again on the intense upper Portion of the neck with some kind of glassworkers Device.  It is usually tough to notify on these form finishes if it absolutely was fashioned from separately used glass or by just Operating the reheated present glass on the blowpipe removing level.

  The maker(s) of the bottle variety is mysterious as similar goods weren't found in the bottle makers catalogs available to the creator.  It is fairly attainable that these bottles are of international origin.

Courting summary/notes: Courting of those type bottles adhere to pretty well the key pointers introduced during this Site and summarized about the Bottle Courting web page; see that website page To learn more.  In particular, as a result of similarity of manufacture (and occasionally use) of The standard U.

The half-pint, machine-created (push-and-blow machine) milk or cream bottle pictured to the ideal has an This Site ACL identifying it as getting used via the Sunflower Dairy of Astoria, Oregon.  The bottle alone was made by the Owens-Illinois Glass Company at plant #22 in Tracy, CA. in 1944 most probably, as it's a "four" day code without having a period (Lockhart 2004d).  For more illustrations or photos of this bottle click on the subsequent back links:  foundation check out displaying the Owens-Illinois makers markings and a definite valve or ejection mark; see of the back again ACL label; shut-up of the initial capseat cap.

Although the illustrated bottle does not have an used shade label (ACL), these style bottles incredibly usually did have such indicating the dairy identify together with other slogans, motifs, trade marks, photographs, advertising, along with the like.  Click amber quart sq. milk bottle to check out a nineteen fifties era ACL example from Phoenix, AZ. which was fabricated from amber glass which was applied occasionally, reportedly for made up of a special Vitamin D milk (Tutton 1989).

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